Mango packing app.

Mango packing app for easy, fast, and efficient mango packing.  Decrease waste, increase traceability.  Fill every order order accurately.

Mango packing brochures:  [Mango packing  packing]     [Farm management]      [RFID]

Software app for Mango packing : grading, sorting, and processing.  Includes export, wholesale, and full packing management app.  Built around traceability & recalls:  bar-code inventory, B2B Customer Portal, Shop front,  FARM MANAGEMENT OPTION and more...  Farmsoft provides complete management for onion  packing, broccoli packing, citrus packing, pepper packing, tomato packing, avocado packing, potato packing.  Salad packing, Loose leaf lettuce and other fresh produce such as spinach, rucola, chicory, watercress.  Cucumber packing. Citrus packing app for lemon, orange, mandarin, tangerine, clementine.  Asparagus packing.  Onion inventory & storage.  Potato inventory storage app.  Potato traceability app for better packing & logistics.  Onion traceability management.  Carrot packing app for traceability & inventory control.  Bean packing solution.  Mango packing app for traceability.

Inventory

Manage incoming Mango packing inventory & storage inventory, capture supplier details, traceability and costs (optionally capture on PO in advance), create inventory & pallet labels, record storage location of inventory.  Automatic inventory audit trail and tracking.  Unlimited inventory items. Bar-code inventory management.

Stock-take

Perform stock-takes any time by category or storage location.  Know how much onion inventory you have in real time, even search by storage location.  Report by product line and storage location, or product category. 

OPTION:
MANGO FARM Management

Full farm record keeping, activity management, best practices, budgeting, time-sheets, machinery costs, inventory, cherry farm traceability, PHI/WHP management, and more... 

Sales, shipping,  orders

Print pick sheet to pick Carrot inventory & storage orders manually, or scan inventory / pallets onto orders, or auto select inventory,  or rapidly sell without an order.  Track paid, and unpaid invoices.  Attach documents to invoices / photos of outgoing shipments.

Traceability & recalls

Instant mock recalls both up and down the supply chain using keys based on supplier lot/batch, supplier name, delivery date, invoice #, inventory #, pallet #, customer reference, order # and more...  Reduces fresh produce food safety compliance costs and makes audits easy.

Invoices, BOL, labels for pallets & inventory

Choose from a gallery of invoices, bill of lading, freight notes, and industry standard fresh produce labels including Walmart, Tesco, Aldi, Coles, Pick 'n Save, Woolworths and more...

Batch packing

Record all batch inputs such as fruit & vegetables, packaging materials, and other raw materials.  Batch costs automatically tracked.  Batch recalls automatically track suppliers & traceability.

Logistics

View open orders & balances. Assign orders to specific staff for picking, assign to trucks / driver, transport company.  Set loading order for multiple orders on one truck.  See when orders are ready shipped and print bill of lading, export documents, and invoices. 

Quality control

Perform QC tests for incoming pepper inventory, packed, pre-shipping. Configure QC tests for ANYTHING you want to test, supplier quality control tracking.  Attach unlimited photos & documents to QC tests from your cell or tablet.  

Price lists

Manage prices that will be used when a customer order is recorded.  Set up price lists for specials, specific products & customers or promotions.  

Dashboards

Profit:  Analyze profit of each onion line, variety, and even track individual customer profit, and batch level cost & profit.  Sales:  Monitor sales progress & shipments.  Quality:  supplier performance & more...

More...

Auto shipment and sale alerts to customers.  Configure BOM, packing / manufacturing processes, special rules to control the processes in your business (your consultant will do this for you).   

Value adding

For food service and processors:  specify the ingredients for each product you manufacture, farmsoft will calculate required quantities to fill open orders and schedule the batch.  Automatic creation of inventory outputs.  All ingredients and inputs are costed.

Unlimited sites & warehouses

Create multiple sites, specify which sites each employee can view (this restricts inventory, orders, invoices etc to selected sites).  Great for businesses with multiple locations across the country or planet.

Advanced tailoring

Add new fields to screens, choose from a wide selection of interfaces (touch based, PC based, data entry, tablet), control special business processes, activate defaults, configure automatic alerts and more...

Purchase orders

Order raw materials, packaging materials and more from suppliers.  Analyze orders and prices using Purchases dashboard. 

Re-order alerts

Receive alerts when inventory needs to be reordered, analyze inventory that will need ordering in the future, and inventory that is approaching expiry...


Finance apps

Integrate with Xero finance, or export invoices (AR) and Purchase Orders (AP) to your chosen finance app like MYOB, Quickbooks, , FreshBooks, Wave, SaasAnt, SAGE and others...

Reduce Mango packing waste by 99%

Packing inventory control ensures there is no 'shrinkage', food inventory is FIFO managed, and expiring inventory always monitored.

Reduce administration time by 60%

Automatic paperwork for packing, labels, and reporting reduces the burden on administration teams and saves everyone's time.

Better Mango packing  quality now

Quality control and food safety has never been easier with industry standard quality tests, food safety checklists; or configure your own tests. 

100% accurate Mango packing orders!

Guarantee only the correct inventory is shipped for each order, on time, every time.

Easy Mango packing & storage

Perform instant mock recalls and audits at any time, from anywhere. No need to compile reports or search for documents. International food safety standards maintained.

Reduce Mango packing  & storage inventory stocking costs by 10%

Project required ingredients & materials to ensure just in time delivery and reduce inventory overheads & waste.

Faster Mango packing  inventory control

Know exactly which inventory is available, where it is, and when it expires:  any-time, anywhere.
No need to manually create reports in spreadsheets, instant real time access to your inventory details.

100% accurate Mango packing production management

Rapidly assign customer orders to production batches, line & inventory managers receive instant alerts.  Precision processing & packing reduces fresh produce waste.

Mango packing & mango processing quality control solution
Mango packing & mango processing quality control


Mango packing solution guides employees to use best mango handling practices to enhance traceability, reduce mango waste during mango processing, mango product manufacturing, and mango packing.


The farmsoft team has released a suite of Mango packing software solutions for processing, sorting, and grading of avocado and avocado value added manufacturing. The farmsoft Mango Packing solution is designed for all sizes of pack-houses and pack sheds, and includes extensive quality control solutions based on mango quality requirements.

Additional features for mango packers also include specific labeling requirements, with special label compliance for Australia, New Zealand, USA, and Canada, Africa, Turkey, Egypt with and PTI, CanGAP, EuroGAP, and more. Contact us to find out more about avocado farming, and avocado processing today.



Fruit Jungle Organics - Northern Territory Mangoes
"Our goal is to develop the certified organic market segments and increase our plantings for our brand."
A Northern Territory mango grower is hopeful that some late-flowering might help increase this season's crop size.

Harvesting begun at some farms in Darwin in early July, with small volumes sent to market, to date. The owner of Fruit Jungle Organics, in Humpty Doo, Darren Hill says mango production in the Territory is looking like it may be down, but it is early days.

"If you were to go by what has set on trees currently, I would say the NT crop is down," he said. "But in saying this, there is a big flower pushing around the NT currently and it is late. If this makes it through the hotter weather, then it will be a big season."

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Fruit Jungle Organics has two farms, producing Kensington pride (KP) and also R2E2 varieties. Both are sold into the certified organic domestic market, with the excess being sold on the conventional market, and some R2E2 is also exported.

"The Certified organic market for mango is a small one generally the mangoes are sold to domestic agents, who then sell to organic shops," Mr Hill said. "Our partners are very pleased with our quality and shelf life, as this gives them the edge over other retailers, as they have our branded product with fruit quality and shelf life. Our goal is to develop the certified organic market segments and increase our plantings for our brand."

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mr Hill says demand is growing steadily for the company's branded quality certified organic produce.

"Feedback from customers that have purchased our line, is that they are happy to pay for the extended shelf life, and the quality and density of the fruit that they were not able to access before our product came to market," he explained. "One of the keys is that people who talk about organics are more likely to purchase more often. Also, new organic consumers aren't looking for specific organic brand such as ours they are looking at just organic produce in general. So, we are working on changing this."

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Fruit Jungle Organics supplies both the domestic and export markets, but Mr Hill says he is still in the early stages of market development.

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
"It is looking promising so far," Mr Hill said. "We are always looking for partners to expand our brand both domestic and export with the Fruit jungle organic certified brand. Currently, our yields for Fruit Jungle is down slightly this year, but we will still be able to fill our certified organic market window. Most of the production is placed into the domestic conventional market and export."



The National Mango Board seeks to promote mango consumption in the United States
The National Mango Board aims to boost mango consumption in the United States next year. To achieve this, the organization plans to strengthen digital marketing by carrying out strategies on social networks, webinars, and by posting informative videos on its website, stated the entity's executive director, Manuel Michel.

In addition, it seeks to guarantee the quality of the fruit throughout the supply chain so that the mango's maturity is optimal when it reaches the market. “If we achieve this, we could have the same consumption as avocado. Mango per capita consumption in the US would increase by more than 100%,” Michel stated. Mango per capita mango consumption in the United States increased from 2.5% in 2014 to 3.25% in 2019.

The organization is also working on improving the location of the mango on supermarket shelves. "We know that when mango is placed next to citrus and stone fruit, prices and sales increase," Michel noted, adding that they were in talks with 100 retail chains in the United States.

In addition, they are working to create a catalog of mango varieties with great potential and to find the packaging to sell the fruit packed. “We want to find a solution, an alternative to sell the packaged product; it could be in bags, small cardboard boxes, or clamshells. A new container would help us a lot, but it has to be a special container, as it must be sustainable and shouldn't harm the environment,” he said.

The National Mango Board is made up of 11 members, 5 from Mexico, 2 from Peru, 1 from Ecuador, and 1 from Guatemala.

Source: Redagrícola / agraria.pe



US senators want to increase pressure on Mexico in potatoes-for-avocados dispute
Several US senators issued a letter to the USDA and US Trade Representative on August 18th, intent on increasing the pressure on Mexico for more access to US potato producers.

Currently, US fresh potatoes can only be sold within 26 kilometers of US-Mexico border. That contradicts a 2014 Mexican government decision to allow fresh US potatoes to be sold throughout Mexico, which was later overturned by a Mexican court. The litigation regarding the ruling remains ongoing and is currently in the Mexican Supreme Court.

US Senators Mike Crapo, Cory Gardner and James Risch wrote a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue and US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer urging them to consider all methods available to resolve the dispute.

Source: spudman.com



California grown Finger limes and avocados available in subscription boxes
Consumer interest for Citriburst Finger Limes is up as they are high in vitamin C, a key element for immune health.

Direct connection with consumers
Megan Shanley Warren says “Here at Shanley Farms we are big believers in communicating directly with our consumer fans. We reach out and communicate on a regular basis with all the consumers that have been buying our Citriburst Finger Limes. We call them our Citriburst Champions.”

Shanley Warren continued “Our Morro Bay Avocado season is approaching, we have alerted our Citriburst fans asking them to share with family and friends the unique quality of our Morro Bay Avocados. We have also shared with our fans and asked them, to share with their friends and family, the retail banners that are planning to carry our Morro Bay Avocado program. In these days of electronic connection versus personal interaction we are finding people actively looking for new experiences to share. With this in mind, we are also working with HarvestMark’s QR code program to convey a greater depth of product information directly to consumers in order to enrich their experience with Shanley Farms product.”

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Megan Shanley Warren's boys proudly show the subscription boxes.

Subscription boxes

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Shanley Farms also ships subscription boxes to consumers with various specialty items from the farm, in addition to Citriburst Finger Limes and Morro Bay Avocados, the families’ branded produce lines. Megan Shanley Warren says “By combining our farm’s production, including both Citriburst and our Morro Bay Avocados in recipes, it provides both fun and versatile ways to use our products from smoothies and snacks to main courses and desserts.”





West African mangoes on the European market: towards a very positive 2020
On a demanding European market affected since March by COVID-19, following Côte d’Ivoire at the beginning of the campaign, Mali and Senegal also show very encouraging results, reflecting the efforts of the entire sector.

In recent years, there have been numerous and recurrent interceptions of mangoes imported into Europe due to the presence of fruit fly. With the European Union’s revision of its phytosanitary regulations, a new European directive came into force on 1 September 2019, imposing additional requirements on all countries exporting mangoes to the EU.

As part of the intra-ACP Fit For Market SPS programme, funded under the 11th European Development Fund, ColeACP is supporting ACP and particularly West African National Plant Protection Organisations (NPPOs) in complying with these stricter phytosanitary measures. It is the responsibility of the NPPOs to respond to the phytosanitary regulations by drawing up and submitting to the EU a national action plan to limit the phytosanitary risk linked to the import of mangoes into the EU, prior to any mango exports.

ColeACP’s activities since the announcement of this new regulation have been numerous and ongoing: the stakes were high since without a national response to the EU regulation, no mangoes from third countries in general, and from West Africa in particular, could have been exported to the EU during the 2020 campaign. The socio-economic impact of a halt to mango exports would have been extremely negative on the thousands of workers involved in the West African sector – mainly young and female – as well as on producers, since production relies on numerous small-scale orchards.

ColeACP quickly informed ACP stakeholders and partners of the new regulations and their possible impacts on the value chains. Specific support was then provided: development of technical support, training of local experts, and assistance to national working groups bringing together public and private stakeholders to develop, validate and implement national strategies for surveillance, control and management of fruit flies, summarised in the form of dossiers to be sent to the EU for validation.

This sustained effort by all parties involved has paid off. A first success was the validation by the EU of the mango dossiers from Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea, Mali and Senegal, presenting the national system approach adopted to reduce the presence of fruit fly on mangoes exported to the EU.

Only one lot intercepted during the Mali campaign
One example of success is the historically low number of interceptions of Malian mango lots in Europe during the 2020 campaign: only one lot was intercepted. This represents a remarkable improvement compared with previous years. We would like to congratulate all our partners in Mali for this success: the National Directorate of Agriculture, the National Plant Protection Organisation, the Interprofession de la filière mangue du Mali, along with the entire private sector, local experts, and other programmes that have contributed to this result. More than 12,500 tonnes were exported from Mali this year, including nearly 3,000 tonnes by road.

Our support to the relevant authorities will continue to maintain this situation and support them in the face of new challenges they may face in the future.

Like Mali, Côte d’Ivoire had very few fruit fly-related notifications on entry to the EU market: only four compared with 15 last year.

In Senegal, the initial signs are also positive in terms of the quality of products that have been marketed in the EU: the campaign is currently ongoing, and there have so far been no interceptions linked to fruit flies.

Following on from the successful beginning of the campaign in April by Côte d’Ivoire, and the quality of West African mango this year, recognised by buyers as a very sweet, fragrant mango with a nice exterior colour and uniform at maturity, the 2020 assessment looks very positive.

These results are due to the efforts of the European and African private sector working together with the competent national authorities, mobilised this year particularly around the control of quality throughout the sector, and of successful operational agility in the global context of COVID-19.



The Dominican Republic develops a technical guide for the sustainable production and export of mango
The National Council for Agricultural and Forestry Research (CONIAF) has released a modern technical guide for the sustainable production and export of mango in order to promote the cultivation of this fruit in the Dominican Republic and increase its profitability.

During the guide's launch, Juan Chavez, the director of CONIAF, said that this guide a way of promoting the cultivation of mango to meet the growing national and international demand for the fruit and to improve the quality of life of Dominican producers.

“This guide is part of the technology transfer program implemented by CONIAF jointly with the Dominican Institute for Agricultural and Forestry Research (IDIAF), the Mango Cluster, and other public and private institutions, which aims at training leading technicians and producers in various export crops, such as mango," he said.

The guide
The "Technical Guide for the Sustainable Production of Mango Cultivation for Export" was compiled by Engineer Jose Leger and it includes the most modern technologies generated by Dominican researchers to increase mango production and productivity. The guide includes good practices in the nursery, the workers' health and well-being; the design and organization of quality plants in the nursery, good agricultural practices in crop management, and harvest and post-harvest management, including the new rules to export to the EU and the US.

The book is available free of charge to all technicians, producers, and the general public on the CONIAF website www.coniaf.gob.do, as well as at the institution's offices located at Calle Felix María del Monte No. 8, Gazcue, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Source: eldia.com.do


Harvesting and packing
The proper time to remove a fruit from the tree or plant varies with each fruit and is governed by whether the product will be sold and consumed within hours, or stored for weeks, months, or even a year. Most fruits are harvested as close as possible to the time they are eaten. A few, of which banana and pear are outstanding examples, may be harvested while immature and still ripen satisfactorily. Orange, grapefruit, and some varieties of avocado may be “stored” on the tree for several months after they have attained good quality; this method cuts costs in handling and marketing.

Many fruits, including apple, pear, orange, lemon, and grapefruit, may drop from the tree during the last part of the maturation period. Preharvest drop of these fruits can be delayed by application of dilute sprays of growth-regulating substances like naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). The chemical spray Alar [N-(dimethylamino) succinamic acid] applied four to six weeks after bloom on apple not only reduces fruit drop at harvest but increases red colour, firmness, and return bloom the next year, in addition to other advantages.

For the fresh market, most tree and bush fruits are still harvested by hand. For processing, drying, and occasionally for fresh market, mechanical motor-driven tree and bush shakers with appropriate catching belts, bins, pallets, and electric lifts reduce harvesting and handling labour. In years to come, machinery may make it possible to machine-harvest most fruits, with no more, and possibly less, damage than with hand picking.

The public has become increasingly particular about the appearance and quality of the product it buys. Hence, store managers and suppliers seek the best grades of fruits and nuts available, and growers make every effort to produce crops with attractive colour and smooth finish. Fruits are packed by government-controlled grades such as Fancy or Extra Fancy within given size limits and are so labelled on the carton or box, together with the source. Most fruits and nuts not meeting this standard of quality are processed or sent through channels using the lower grades and off sizes.

Small packages of plastic foam or wood pulp base holding four to six fruits covered and heat sealed with polyethylene plastic film are popular. These are delivered to stores in corrugated cartons holding a few dozen packages. Citrus, apples, and whole nuts or kernels also are packaged in polyethylene bags and delivered in cartons. Loose fruit may be sold in cell cartons and tray packs consisting of stacked form-fitting pulp trays in a “bushel size” box. Every effort is made to eliminate bruising.

Large truck-pulled containers with individually motor-driven refrigeration units, with or without controlled atmosphere (CO2-O2, to retard ripening), are loaded at the fruit source and trucked to their destination or are loaded on ships by derrick for overseas shipment. These sealed containers are also being used increasingly for bananas to reduce labour and handling and to deliver the product in better condition.

Air shipment of “vine- and tree-ripe” fruit (strawberries, figs, sweet cherries, pineapples, avocados) to distances as far as from California to Europe in a day or less is becoming increasingly common with the much larger and faster cargo planes and reduced air-freight prices.

Postharvest physiology of fruits
Fruit ripening is a form of senescence and signifies the final stage in fruit development. A fleshy fruit is the enlarged ovary of a flower (avocado) or additional floral parts such as in apple, pear, and pineapple. Usually fertilization, and sometimes pollination alone, stimulate the floral parts causing a rapid cell division that leads to differentiation and the formation of the fruit structure. During this stage fruits consist of small, young cells filled with protoplasm. When the young fruit has been stimulated, presumably by plant hormones that originate from the embryonic seeds, rapid cell expansion takes place. During this stage fruits gain rapidly in size and weight. The cells develop small cavities or spaces in their tissue (become vacuolated) and begin the process of foodstuff accumulation, which lends fruits their compositional diversity. Banana, apple, and date, for example, accumulate mainly carbohydrates. Avocado and olive store fatty materials. Important constituents of most fruits are organic acids such as malic acid, found in apple and pear; citric acid, found in citrus fruits and pineapple; and tartaric acid, found in grapes. Fruits are usually low in protein.

After cell expansion has slowed and become nominal, fruits enter the stage of maturity and undergo preparation for ripening. Some crops, such as pear and avocado, are harvested at the so-called mature-green state and allowed to ripen afterward. Most fruits are at a stage of incipient ripening before they are picked. Ripening is marked by rapid and dramatic changes that give fruits their attractive and edible character. Some of the familiar changes are softening, which results from degradation of cell wall substances; disappearance of a green background, because of chlorophyll degradation (as in pear, apple, and banana); appearance of coloured pigments such as the carotenoids—orange-yellow—and anthocyanins—red (as in orange, mango, and strawberry); a decrease in acidity and increase in the sugar content (orange, apple); and emission of the volatile substances that give many fruits their distinct aroma (as in banana, pear, and apple). In climacteric fruits (e.g., banana, pear, apple), ripening is accompanied by increased respiration. In nonclimacteric fruit (e.g., strawberry, cherry) this phenomenon does not occur.

It is thought that the transition from the mature to the ripe stage is brought about by certain “ripening” enzymes. Protein molecules act as catalysts. The activity of these enzymes leads first to various ripening reactions, and then to gradual deterioration of the fruit tissue.

Because ripening leads to tissue breakdown, fruits are considered a highly perishable commodity. Different fruits have varying degrees of postharvest longevity. While strawberries last only a week to 10 days, for example, apples or lemons can be stored successfully for as long as several months.

Postharvest life of fruits can be extended by refrigeration with or without a modified oxygen–carbon dioxide atmosphere. Most temperate-zone fruits can be held safely at 32 to 41 °F (0 to 5 °C), but many subtropical and tropical fruits, including lemon, avocado, banana, and mango, show signs of injury from being chilled in prolonged cold storage and consequently fail to ripen properly. Bananas do not tolerate temperatures below 53 °F (12 °C), while several avocado varieties can be stored at temperatures as low as 46 °F (8 °C).

Fruit life can be extended further by both refrigeration and controlled atmosphere (CA) storage in which oxygen is kept at about 5 percent and carbon dioxide at 1 to 3 percent, while temperature is held at a level best suited to the particular fruit. So-called CA storage is common today for apples and pears and is being adapted to other fruits. Controlled atmosphere and refrigeration in conjunction with the removal of ethylene gas (which emanates from fruits and speeds ripening) helps slow the ripening process considerably. Golden Delicious apples and some pears are shipped in polyethylene containers in which a desirable, modified atmosphere is created by the respiring fruit.

Drying is a standard practice for stabilizing the market movement of dates, figs, raisin grapes, prunes, and apricots. Canning is of paramount importance to the pineapple, peach, and pear industries (these fruits can be dried as well), and freezing is a means of stabilizing some of the most perishable fruits, including strawberry, raspberry, and blueberry.

Nuts are susceptible to mold, souring, staleness, discoloration, and rancidity. Cured and dried nuts are kept in prolonged cold storage under controlled temperature and humidity levels. Nuts also are stored and sold in vacuum packs of carbon dioxide-enriched atmosphere.

Waste materials, other uses
Apple wood is excellent for fireplace use, and cherry and certain other fruit woods are used for the finest household furniture. The dried residue from processing apples and citrus is made into feed for conditioning livestock for market, as are waste materials from many processed fruits. Apple pomace (waste material) is spread on the orchard floor with a manure spreader to help in soil conditioning and as a source of minerals.

Nutshells have many uses. Filbert shells are made into plywood, artificial wood, and linoleum; a mixture of shells with powdered coal and lignite makes cinder blocks; shells are used in making poisonous gases and gas masks, and as fuel and mulch. Cashew shell liquid, a skin irritant, is made into resins for varnishes; kills mosquito larvae; can be impregnated in wood as a varnish to preserve against insect attack; is used in automotive brake linings and clutch facings; is used as a laminating agent for paper, cloth, and glass fibres; and is used to treat cement floors and synthetic rubber to retard deterioration. Finely ground black-walnut-shell flour is used in plastic molding powder; as a glue extender; to prevent overheating of drills; to “sand”-blast jet engines; for polishing, burnishing, and deburring metal parts; for cleaning foundry molds; and to spray on tires for better traction. Pecan shells are used in place of gravel in cement walks and driveways; as fuel; as mulch and as a soil conditioner; in livestock bedding; as filler for fertilizers, feeds, etc.; in the manufacture of tanning agents, with charcoal and abrasives in hand soap; as a filler in plastic and veneer wood; and many of the same uses as black walnut shells. Some nutshells are made into beads, marbles, buttons, carving tools, ink, and ornament. The India clearing nut is cut open and rubbed on the inside of earthenware that will contain drinking water; the juice coagulates the water impurities which sink to the bottom. The nuts of the betel palm in the Far East and of the kola tree in West Africa are chewed for their stimulatory effects.


“We’ll switch to Brazil’s mango supply in September”
US mango supplies are currently coming from Mexico and will be switching over to Brazil in September. Sabine Henry of Central American Produce shares: “The Mexican mango season moves through different regions, and we get different varieties out of each region. Earlier on in the season we had Hadens and Tommy Atkins. Right now, we are getting Keitt mangoes out of the southern Sinaloa region.”

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Good mango market this season
At the start of the mango season there were a lot of worries about what demand and pricing would look like this year. Fortunately, Central American Produce was pleasantly surprised. “At the beginning of the season we thought it would be a disaster this year,” Henry shares. “But a lot of consumers realized the great health benefits of mangoes: they have high levels of vitamin C and they are an immune booster. This helped a lot with the sales. We’ve seen a lot of movement and have had a great season so far.”

The mango market has been strong this season, Henry adds. “Prices were higher than we expected, which is probably because there’s been a good overall demand. This seems to be a new trend: we’ve seen a good market for the mangos in the past two years,” she says.

Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Mango packing & mango processing quality control
Brazilian season coming up
The Mexican mango season will last to the end of this month, and in September Central American Produce will switch to Brazilian product. “They are starting to pack their product now in Brazil and we’ll start seeing light volumes in the first week of September. In the second and third week we’ll start seeing stronger volumes.” The mangoes are sent by ocean freight and no logistical issues are expected.

The mangoes out of Brazil are mostly Tommy Atkins, but Central American Produce also receives a few loads of the Palmer variety. “The Tommy Atkins are the predominant variety out of Brazil. In the US market, those are the most preferred variety because of the way it looks and also because it travels well,” says Henry.

Mangos, because of their tropical nature, are often seen as an essential summer fruit by consumers. In recent years, though, the fruit has also become more popular throughout the year. “We are seeing more demand outside of the summer season, so we’re hoping that we’ll have a great season from Brazil, and that the consumers will continue to see the health values of the mangos and continue to buy them throughout the year,” Henry concludes.



Pakistan exports 120,000 tonnes of mangoes this season
Minister for National Food Security and Research, Syed Fakhar Imam, has issued a statement saying that the country during the current season exported 120,000 tonnes of mangoes, up until this time.

He added that during the peak of the coronavirus pandemic, Pakistan exported mangoes to many countries of the world and added the country has registered a sharp rise in the export of fruits and vegetables despite COVID-19.

According to brecorder.com, the Minister also said the fruit also helps sweeten diplomatic relations. He stressed the need to do value addition and branding of the mangoes.


MANGO PACKING PROCESS
Mangoes belong to the sumach family (Anacardiaceae) and were first cultivated in India some 4000 years ago. Together with the pineapple, they are considered the most delicious of tropical fruits and they have the highest vitamin A content of any fruit.

The many different varieties mean that they vary greatly in shape, color, size and weight. A mango may be oval, roundish, elongated or kidney-shaped; it may be green, green-yellow or even orange to red in color. The length of the mango is up to 25 cm, its maximum width 10 cm. The heaviest mangoes weigh up to 2 kg.

The delicious yellow to orange colored flesh, which constitutes 60 – 70% of the fruit, is located under the thin, inedible outer skin. Fibers join the flesh to the large, egg-shaped white stone inside, so explaining the difficulty of removing the stone from the flesh.

Mangoes are harvested when unripe (at the preclimacteric); they must still be green and firm-fleshed. Harvesting is done by hand or using special fruit picking poles. The greatest possible care must be taken with harvesting as even the smallest of cracks results in rapid spoilage by rotting.

At the time of harvest, the mangoes must be capable of post-ripening, as they will otherwise not reach optimum quality. Post-ripening may be accelerated by temperatures of 25 – 30°C and treatment with ethylene.

Once harvested, any exuding latex is cleaned off and the mango is treated with hot water and fungicides in order to extend the relatively short storage life.

The following are the main varieties for export:

„Kent“
„Tommy Atkins“
„Haden“
„Keitt“


Quality / Duration of storage

To ensure high quality, it is important for the skin to be undamaged. Even the slightest injury would result in rapid spoilage with this very sensitive fruit. Care must also be taken to ensure that the fruit is not overripe, as this would have a negative impact on salability.

According to [1], the maximum duration of storage and transport is 14 – 25 days. Attempts have been made to extend storage life by storage in a CO2 atmosphere, with wax coatings and hot water treatment. Given its poor keeping properties, importation of this juicy fruit to temperate latitudes is a very difficult task. Transport is generally by air freight. Particular attention must be paid to postharvest diseases if transport is to be by ship.

Where controlled atmosphere transport is used, transport and storage duration may be extended. The following parameters apply in such a case [16]:

Temperature Rel. humidity O2 CO2 Suitability for controlled atmosphere
12.2 – 13.3°C 85 – 90% 5% 5% very good



Intended use

Mangoes are mainly intended for fresh consumption, in which case the fruit are cut in half and the flesh spooned out. Mangoes are also canned and are used to make mango sauces, mango chutney, stewed mango and preserves. Due to their high nutritional value, mangoes are also used as baby and invalid food.


Figures

(Click on the individual Figures to enlarge them.)

Photo, mango

Figure 1 Photo, mango

Figure 2 Photo, mango

Figure 3



Countries of origin

This Table shows only a selection of the most important countries of origin and should not be thought of as exhaustive.

Europe Spain
Africa South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Kenya, Gambia
Asia India, Pakistan, China
America Mexico, Brazil, Cuba
Australia


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Packaging

Mangoes are packaged in a single layer in fruit crates and cartons. Due to their great sensitivity to pressure, the fruit are sometimes wrapped in paper or padded with wood wool, bast, straw or hay.


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Transport

Symbols

Symbol, general cargo

General cargo

Temperature-controlled



Means of transport

Aircraft, ship, truck, railroad


Container transport

Refrigerated container with fresh air supply or controlled atmosphere.


Cargo handling

Mangoes are highly pressure- and impact-sensitive and appropriate care must therefore be taken during cargo handling.

The cold chain must at all costs be maintained, since the cargo will otherwise spoil rapidly.

In damp weather (rain, snow), the cargo must be protected from moisture, as there is otherwise a risk of premature spoilage.


Stowage factor

2.27 – 2.55 m3/t (fruit crates) [1]
2.26 – 2.83 m3/t [14]


Stowage space requirements

Cool, well ventilated


Segregation

Fiber rope, thin fiber nets, wooden dunnage


Cargo securing

Because of its considerable impact- and pressure-sensitivity, packages of this cargo must be secured in such a way that they are prevented from damaging each other. Spaces between packages or pallets must be filled, to prevent slippage or tipping. By selecting the correct packaging size or cargo unit (area module or area module multiple), holds can be tightly loaded (without spaces). 


MANGO PACKING TECHNOLOGY
This chapter focuses mainly on the applied aspects of mango packaging (fresh fruit and processed products), in the light of current and best practices in the global mango industry, as well as its future research directions. Harvested mangoes go through de-sapping, washing, sizing, and grading prior to packing. The major intelligent packaging systems are time-temperature indicators/time-temperature biosensors, leak detectors, ripeness and spoilage indicators, and radiofrequency identification labels. Such indicators can be used for mangoes and mango products to enhance product reliability. Minimum label information for most of the domestic wholesale markets in developing countries include the cultivar, class (local criteria), gross weight, and grower/suppliers name. Frozen mangoes are packaged in flexible pouches of retail and bulk sizes, while dried mangoes are mostly packaged in individual-serving size bags. Active packaging with antimicrobial properties is extensively used for processed food products to reduce spoilage and contamination.